Department for International Development

We were commissioned by the Africa Regional Department and the Africa Conflict and Humanitarian Unit of the UK's Department for International Development Africa Division to undertake a desk study of the implications of climate change and conflict on DFID's Pan-Africa strategy and programmes. We reviewed 600 key texts and websites and held interviews with many staff and other experienced and knowledgeable people. The study assessed the evidence for linkages between climate and conflict and looked at future scenarios, risks and hotspots. It reviewed the spectrum of regional African organisations and the opportunities and entry points for future regional initiatives to tackle increased climate variability and conflict and specifically with a state-building and peace-building setting. We assessed the planning tools in use. We recommended various measures for DFID policy and practice, as well as developing a case study in a regional drylands programme.